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# Quantum Field Theory III: Gauge Theory

A Bridge between Mathematicians and Physicists

Zeidler, Eberhard

2011, XXXII, 1126 p. 154 illus.

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Regardless of any subjective reasons for liking this book, there is an objective reason for rejecting it and sending it back to the author for revision. The problem lies in the notation used for change of variables. There is a standard notation for it, used by mathematicians and physicists alike. One may look at the wiki entry for “Tensor” for comparison. However, the author uses instead a non-standard one. This would not be a problem if the author’s notation were an improvement, or at least as good as the standard, or even just a little bit worse, but it is not.

The problem can be first seen in eqn (0.35), page 24. Here we see what appears to be a distinction being made between two different dummy variables. However, that is not the meaning that the author intends. He means that the sum is invariant under a change of variables from x to x’ = x’(x). In standard notation, the prime would be on the letter v and not on the index alpha. Delta needs to be carefully defined so that we know whether it is the partial with respect to x, or x’. As it is, it appears to be with respect to the alpha prime index on x, but in reality it is something quite different. This is not a typo as we see from the line just below the equation. Here we cannot fix things by removing the prime from the index alpha and placing it on the variable v for in doing so we would end up with three alpha indices on the right hand side of the equation rendering it meaningless. Moving down one more line we see primes on integer indices. One might wonder what 1′, 2′, 3′ and 4′ are meant to be. In fact they are, of course, 1, 2, 3, and 4. However, the notation using primes is forced on the author because without primes on the integers, he would be forced to place a prime on the x’s (where they belong) and then to rewrite the lines above. When we get to chapter 8 where tensor analysis is discussed, the problem with the notation becomes a disaster. For instance, on page 442 in the equation following eqn (8.3), the author has forgotten to place the primes on the condition i = 1, . . . ,n. Ordinarily this would be just another in the mind-numbing array of typos with which the book is marred. But in this case, the placement of primes is crucial for understanding the notation. It gets worse on page 445 in the equation just below eqn (8.5) where the matrix G is defined in two different ways. The placement of primes on the indices is the only way to distinguish these two different matrices. Therefore, it is meaningless to ask what is the entry in the first column, second row of G. We must know whether we are talking about the G with a prime on the lower index, or the G with a prime in the upper index. For this reason, it becomes necessary for the author to place primes on integers as he does repeatedly in expressions like i’ = 1′, . . . , n’ (without ever mentioning that n’ = n) and even i’ = 1′, 2′, 3′.

This notation prevents the author from presenting coordinate free equations because the primes are in the coordinates. This becomes apparent on page 496 where he finally has to admit in eqn (8.107) that one of his G matrices is actually the inverse of the other and in the equation just above (8.111) where he is finally forced to place the prime on the script A where it belongs.

To add insult to injury, he begins chapter 8 with the quote from Liebniz, “It is worth noting that notation facilitates discovery. This in a most wonderful way, reduces the mind’s labor”. My copy of the book is overloaded with margin notes where I have fixed up the equations. I was able to figure out what the author meant because I have studied tensor analysis in the past. If the reader is reading this material for the first time, I wonder at their ability to understand the book at all and applaud their willingness to burden their minds with such an increase in labor.

This is not a review of the contents of Dr. Zeidler’s book; I simply wish to question Springer-Verlag’s choice of binding for Volume III in this projected series and bring a concern to the attention of prospective buyers.

The hardbound editions of Volumes I and II in this series were bound in identical (and attractive) covers and came clearly labeled as Quantum Field Theory I and Quantum Field Theory II on the spines. However, Volume III is bound in an entirely different style, and the identifying label on the spine is printed so differently from Volumes I and II that the third volume does not even appear to be part of the same series. As I said in the title of this review, this is indeed a “cosmetic” concern, but when one is investing several hundred dollars in an ambitious series like this, the least one can expect is continuity and coherence in the binding and cover design.

This issue will surely not deter any serious reader from purchasing this unique and ambitious series. However, one cannot detect the difference through online views of the books; I thought that prospective buyers should at least be aware of the problem. I now wonder what the future volumes in this series will look like.

• A bridge between mathematicians and physicists
• A bridge from classic mathematics and physics to modern mathematics and physics

In this third volume of his modern introduction to quantum field theory, Eberhard Zeidler examines the mathematical and physical aspects of gauge theory as a principle tool for describing the four fundamental forces which act in the universe: gravitative, electromagnetic, weak interaction and strong interaction.

Volume III concentrates on the classical aspects of gauge theory, describing the four fundamental forces by the curvature of appropriate fiber bundles. This must be supplemented by the crucial, but elusive quantization procedure.

The book is arranged in four sections, devoted to realizing the universal principle force equals curvature:

Part I: The Euclidean Manifold as a Paradigm

Part II: Ariadne’s Thread in Gauge Theory

Part III: Einstein’s Theory of Special Relativity

For students of mathematics the book is designed to demonstrate that detailed knowledge of the physical background helps to reveal interesting interrelationships among diverse mathematical topics. Physics students will be exposed to a fairly advanced mathematics, beyond the level covered in the typical physics curriculum.

Quantum Field Theory builds a bridge between mathematicians and physicists, based on challenging questions about the fundamental forces in the universe (macrocosmos), and in the world of elementary particles (microcosmos).

Content Level » Research

Keywords » elementary particle physics - gauge theory - quantum field theory

# Geometry of the Fundamental Interactions

On Riemann’s Legacy to High Energy Physics and Cosmology

Maia, M. D.

2011, X, 182p. 21 illus..

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Maia does not mince any words in declaring Riemann the foundation of the unifying math between three of the four forces (strong/weak/electromag, sans gravity). The book, with a good amount of rigor, takes a “slice” of all the aspects of the unifying math, and aligns them with Riemann geometry, and especially the Riemann tensor. Interestingly, a pretty amazing case is made for validity of this contribution without too much bending of the credibility curve!

In 150 or so pages the presentation covers Riemann curvature and tensor as they apply to manifolds, Lie groups and algebras (preparing for gauge), general relativity space-time, scalars, Nielsen-Olesen and spinors, Noether, connections, gauge fields and finally gravitation. I couldn’t find the discussion promised by the publisher and in the title on “Cosmology” — unless you count the very well thought out “Riemann gravity” section at the end and suggestions about new approaches to “gauge gravitation” — arguing that Einstein gravity is demonstrably not gauge because it would have to follow the rigor of a Yang-Mills type Lagrangian, curvature operators, defined local gauge symmetry as a Lie group, construct the corresponding Lie algebras and curvature operator, then solve the generated Yang-Mills equations. The author makes the interesting point that moving beyond this model to another type of gauge for gravity might involve the Leibniz “smoothest geometry” conjecture for our daily reality, corresponding to the minimal Riemann curvature variations.

I’ve long believed that we inevitably swing back to geometry in all our theories, and peering through the Riemann legacy’s looking glass certainly is exciting, instructive and thought provoking. The hidden “hint” about cosmology might be in the frequently unspoken chicken or egg question of whether math is a tool by which we investigate the universe or a tool used BY the universe. In quantum chemistry, for example, there are places where the math becomes an integral part of the “reality” — in some really strange, living in the matrix kinds of ways. The author actually has the courage to raise this issue re Lie Algebras!

One positive that is a negative: There are only 21 illustrations, and they are some of the best I’ve ever seen! In my day job I animate math for physics, and these are some of the best anywhere, each giving an “aha” that the formulas can’t convey. The downside is I wish the author had included 99, not 21! Highly recommended for those who want a fresh view of the real, current applications and value of Riemann, all the way beyond quaternions to octavians! When I began, I was skeptical; the author has managed to convince me that we’re not nearly done tapping Riemann’s contributions any more than Gauss or Dirac. Math takes postgrad level effort, but is worth it.

Explains some of the most complex theories in physics in clear and understandable language

• Provides comprehensive information about three of the four fundamental forces of nature
• Offers an explanation of Yang-Mills theory, with many theoretical properties given in the form of examples

Gravitation, electromagnetics and the two types of nuclear forces constitute the four fundamental forces of nature which regulate our everyday life.  Amazingly, they are all described by a single idea of the 19th century proposed by Bernhard Riemann, and with the exception of gravitation, these ideas have been since confirmed by high energy experiments and cosmological observations.  Geometry of the Fundamental Interactions – On Riemann’s Legacy to High Energy Physics and Cosmology is a mathematical narrative of how we have come to agree on such a complex plot of nature, starting with the basic geometrical concepts and ending with hints on the perspective for cosmology.

This book originated from lectures given for several years to a mixed audience of mathematicians, physicists, astronomers, engineers, philosophers and sociologists seeking to understand the basics of those interactions and how the concept of Riemann curvature came to occupy such a central position in physics.  The author takes on the challenge of making the path toward understanding both accessible and interesting to a wide audience.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » Minkowski’s space time - Newton’s space-time - Yang-Mills theory - coordinate symmetries - fiber bundles - noether’s theorem - nonlinear scalar fields - search for unified field theories - three gauge interactions - vector and spinor fields

# D-Brane

Superstrings and New Perspective of Our World

Hashimoto, Koji

Original Japanese version published by University of Tokyo Press, Japan, 2006

2012, XIII, 165p. 75 illus..

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A first word about this book. It is not an elementary or easy book. It is totally written for researchers in string theory and quantum field theory and it presents very advanced material that only specialists in string theory can absorb and even them I suppose can find the way on this book very hard. However the book is a masterpiece on the understanding of D-Branes in String Theory.

The book is very well written and the organization is perfect! If you are interested in to learn D-branes, superstring theory and M-theory this is the right book for you. And for me the best part of the book is the introduction with a long historical introduction of the subject and the main problems in the field and where the researchers can in the future concentrate their effort. And also the end of the book presents some speculations how the branes can or could be used to establish a unification theory of the physical reality and this part is indeed amazing I recommend you check this book.

• Covers special developments in string theory
• Displays a new approach to hypothetically formulate a theory of the world, a braneworld scenario
• Provides specialists, students and scientists who are not in the field with interesting insights

Superstring theory is a promising theory which can potentially unify all the forces and the matters in particle physics. A new multi-dimensional object which is called “D-brane” was found. It drastically changed our perspective of a unified world. We may live on membrane-like hypersurfaces in higher dimensions (“braneworld scenario”), or we can create blackholes at particle accelarators, or the dynamics of quarks is shown to be equivalent to the higher dimensional gravity theory. All these scenarios are explained in this book with plain words but with little use of equations and with many figures. The book starts with a summary of long-standing problems in elementary particle physics and explains the D-branes and many applications of them. It ends with future roads for a unified ultimate theory of our world.

Content Level » Research

Keywords » D-Brane - Entropy of black holes - Higher-dimensional hypersurfaces - Particle physics - Solitons - String theory - Superstring - Ultimate theory of the world - Unification of all forces in particle physics

Particles, Superstrings, and D-Branes.- Solitons and Particle Physics.- Dimensions of Solitons, Dimensions of Superstring Theory.- D-Branes.- Dynamics of D-Branes.- Braneworld (Application 1).- Inflationary Cosmology in Higher Dimensions (Application 2).- Entropy of Blackholes (Application 3).- Holgraphy and QCD (Application 4).- Toward Description of Ultimate Theory.

# Quantum Field Theory I: Basics in Mathematics and Physics

A Bridge between Mathematicians and Physicists

Zeidler, Eberhard

2006, XXIV, 1052 p. 94 illus.

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If is not too unfair to say that quantum field theory is a kind of bag of tricks, but considering its monumental experimental success it is apparent that these tricks have worked. From a mathematical standpoint they are very suspect, and the professional mathematician who studies the formalism of quantum field theory will be aghast at its non-rigor, especially in the area of renormalization. That is not to say that no attempts have been made to put quantum field theory on a rigorous mathematical foundation. This has occupied the time of many researchers, but as of yet, such a foundation has not been found.

In spite of this, and justifiably so, quantum field theory goes on, and people taking up its study are faced at times with making choices between mathematical rigor and physical relevance. The author of this book, the first of a planned series of 4 volumes, realizes this and has attempted to give the reader a first glance of quantum field theory that emphasizes both the physics and the mathematical relationships that are part of its narrative. In general the author does a fairly good job, even though at times the details of certain subjects are left out, while others are developed to excess.

From selective chapters, this reviewer found that the following discussions stand out:

A Glance at Topology:
This chapter does not contain a whole lot of insights or material that cannot be found in other books. The author it seems wants to whet the reader’s appetite but clearly wants to put off detailed discussion of the mathematics until Volume 3 or 4 of this series. There are a few places in the chapter though that deserves some comment:

- The concept of transversality is introduced for curves when discussing intersection theory but the author does not use the tangent space. Instead, he alludes to the `generic’ property of transversality, namely that it can be obtained by sufficiently small perturbations which are `stable”. Stability is a measure-theoretic concept and so the author explains this briefly by Sard’s theorem.

- The first Chern class of the tangent bundle of the sphere is stated but not motivated. Readers will have to search intensely for this motivation in the original literature, and will find that it is relatively scant, as is the entire literature on characteristic classes in this regard. There are many books and monographs on the subject, but most, if not all, are purely formal and do not motivate the concepts in a way that they can be truly appreciated. If the author is able to pull this off in the later volumes, it would be a major advance in the education of quantum field theory.

- There is an interesting discussion of the Hopf fibration of the 3-dimensional sphere, but emphasizing the physics rather than the mathematics. The author uses the Hopf fibration to characterize the quantum states of a non-relativistic electron, but again defers the proof of the important results to Volume IV. Essential to his discussion is his claim that representing electron quantum states in this fashion is an indication of “nonlinearity.”

Many-Particle Systems in Mathematics and Physics
- The author cannot resist relating the partition function of statistical physics with number theory and the Riemann zeta function. His discussion is fitting given the current work on proving the Riemann hypothesis using ideas from quantum field theory.
- Modular forms are briefly discussed here, which again is fitting because of the work of a few mathematical physicists who are attempting to show connections between the Langlands program in algebraic geometry and number theory and the notion of duality in gauge theories and string theory.
- The discussion on the Casimir effect is interesting, mainly because the author explains how physicists view the notion of convergence in a series. Physicists are actually more receptive to using divergent series, with the renormalization program in quantum field theory being the best example of this. Several summation methods for divergent series have been invented and used by physicists. The author gives a very detailed, superb discussion on the analytic number theory behind the Casimir effect.

Rigorous Finite-Dimensional Magic Formulas of Quantum Field Theory
- The title of this chapter is interesting, given the infinite-dimensional nature of quantum field theory. But apparently the author wants to build the reader’s confidence and intuition using ordinary linear algebra of finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces (with a bit of Dirac calculus and discrete path integrals thrown in).
- One of most useful relations for calculations in quantum field theory, especially gauge theory, namely that DetA = Exp(Tr(Ln(A))) is discussed here in the context of Lie groups.
- The Dyson series, the bread-and-butter of perturbation calculations in quantum field theory is discussed and viewed as a consequence of the principle of superposition.
- The treatment of the functional calculus is rigorous, but this may mislead the newcomer to quantum field theory as being extendable to the full infinite-dimensional quantum field theory.

Rigorous Finite-Dimensional Perturbation Theory
- This chapter is very interesting in that it views the issues in the renormalization of quantum field theory as a problem in bifurcation theory. In fact the author makes the somewhat radical statement that this is similar to the problems in chaotic classical dynamics where the motions of asteroids for example are complicated because of the resonances that can occur. “The complexity of phenomena in quantum field theory is caused by resonances,” he states. Readers more knowledgeable about quantum field theory, such as this reviewer may find this somewhat novel and will no doubt want to study the chapter in more detail than the others to see just how good this analogy is. In this regard, it must be remembered that this discussion takes place in finite dimensions, and so the analogy to bifurcation on second glance may not be too surprising.

Whenever I read a book on quantum field theory, I have felt that there are something missing. This is not the faults by the authors. Since the QFT is widely used in most fields of physics, it should be limited in writing such a book. It is believed to be impossible for writing a complete book on the QFT in its various aspects.

In my institution, I was enforced to give several lectures on solid states physics to whom have no knowledge on quantum physics, of course, they have no knowledge on Hamiltonian physics neither. The undergraduate background of the students are very diversified, from mathematics to engineering. There Ph.D. major will not be Physis, certainly. I spent many years with nightmare for preparing those lecture courses. Working as a computational physicist in an engineering school could not be a recommended choice! For several years, I have tried to step outside the QFT for living.

During my struggling to absorb the strange way of thinking by metallurgists, I noticed a way to tackle dislocations in the line with the approach suggested by Stephen Hawking for black holes armed with homotopy. I rushed to my bookshelves and to pick up a book of Dirac on the general theory of relativity as well as the QFT books, e.g., Bjorken & Drell, Fetter & Walecka, and Negele&Orldando. In addition, the book of Zinn-Justine and of P. W. Anderson are always helpful. Those books awoke my interests in the QFT. I also bought a couple of books on the QFT in the curved spacetime. I just read them at a glance and I confirmed my idea. The required methods are there in. Unfortunately, I am not an expert in these fields: Kohn-Sham equation is my best field. In order to show up the results of my idea, I need a very systematically written book on QFT, especially with emphasis in mathematics. Once I confirm those mathematics, computer programming is just a laboring job. At that time, my understanding in QFT is just for drawing an overall picture of QFT with foggy rememberance of its mathematical details with little more rigor. The requirement for little more rigor than current text books is crucial for computational scientists’ programming; otherwise I have to dig articles in the mathematical journals. Teaching QFT to a computer is not an easy job.

I found this series during my QFT reviewing process. I was not sure whether this series, as many books written by mathematicians, will disappoint me or not. Indeed in this book, Zeidler quoted the speech of C. N. Yang: “There exist only two kinds of modern mathematics books: one which you cannot read beyond the first page and one which you cannot read beyond the first sentence.” I agree his quote. However, Zeidler made me to breathe a sigh of relief.

This seriese is not neither an introductory book nor a physicists book. After I read this series at a glance, my feeling was similar to that when I first read the books of Arfken or Morse&Feshbach. Great! This series is that one I wished before. Now, I am spending very happy times by following this seriese with one-by-one derivations.

However, I cannot give five stars. I am still a physicist.

Thank you very much Prof. Zeidler!

This is the first volume of a modern introduction to quantum field theory which addresses both mathematicians and physicists ranging from advanced undergraduate students to professional scientists. The book tries to bridge the existing gap between the different languages used by mathematicians and physicists. For students of mathematics it is shown that detailed knowledge of the physical background helps to motivate the mathematical subjects and to discover interesting interrelationships between quite different mathematical topics. For students of physics, fairly advanced mathematics is presented, which is beyond the usual curriculum in physics. It is the author’s goal to present the state of the art of realizing Einstein’s dream of a unified theory for the four fundamental forces in the universe (gravitational, electromagnetic, strong, and weak interaction).

From the reviews:

“… Quantum field theory is one of the great intellectual edifices in the history of human thought. … This volume differs from other books on quantum field theory in its greater emphasis on the interaction of physics with mathematics. … an impressive work of scholarship.”

(William G. Faris, SIAM Review, Vol. 50 (2), 2008)

“… it is a fun book for practicing quantum field theorists to browse, and it may be similarly enjoyed by mathematical colleagues. Its ultimate value may lie in encouraging students to enter this challenging interdisciplinary area of mathematics and physics. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through faculty.”

(M. C. Ogilvie, CHOICE, Vol. 44 (9), May, 2007)

Content Level » Research

Keywords » functional analysis - general relativity - mathematical physics - particle physics -quantum field theory - statistical mechanics

Preface.- Part I. Introduction.- Prologue.- 1. Historical Introduction.- 2. Phenomenology of the Standard Model for Elementary Particles.- 3. The Challenge of Different Scales in Nature.- Part II. Basic Techniques in Mathematics.- 4. Analyticity.- 5. A Glance at Topology.- 6. Many-Particle Systems in Mathematics and Physics.- 7. Rigorous Finite-Dimensional Magic Formulas of Quantum Field Theory.- 8. Rigorous Finite-Dimensional Perturbation Theory.- 9. Fermions and the Calculus for Grassmann Variables.- 10. Infinite-Dimensional Hilbert Spaces.- 11. Distributions and Green’s Functions.- 12. Distributions and Physics.- Part III. Heuristic Magic Formulas of Quantum Field Theory.- 13. Basic Strategies in Quantum Field Theory.- 14. The Response Approach.- 15. The Operator Approach.- 16. Peculiarities of Gauge Theories.- 17. A Panorama of the Literature.- Appendix.- Epilogue.- References.- List of Symbols.- Index.

# Basic Concepts of String Theory

Blumenhagen, Ralph, Lüst, Dieter, Theisen, Stefan

2013, XII, 782 p. 45 illus.

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This book is amazing! The author presents the string theory in a very pedagogical way. Different from other books in string theory this one is the most accessible for readers with no strong background on quantum field theory. The other quality of this book is that it is very mathematical and different from others books it presents the string theory on a precisely mathematical way.

The book contains a lot of examples and problems and it is a easy reading. Of course sometimes you need an extra effort but it is an excellent book for a first course in string theory and the mathematical concepts behind string theory. I recommend this book for instructors and students interested in understand the basic principles of string theory. This book will be very useful as a additional reading for more advanced courses in string theory too! Have fun!

• Provides a self-contained pedagogical introduction to string theory
• Authored by leading researchers in the field
• Suitable as graduate textbook for courses and for self-study

The purpose of this book is to thoroughly prepare the reader for research in string theory. It is intended as a textbook in the sense that, starting from the basics, the material is presented in a pedagogical and self-contained fashion. The emphasis is on the world-sheet perspective of closed strings and of open strings ending on D-branes, where two-dimensional conformal field theory is the main tool. Compactifications of string theory, with and without fluxes, and string dualities are also discussed from the space-time point of view, i.e. in geometric language. End-of-chapter references have been added to guide the reader intending to pursue further studies or to start research in the topics covered by this book.

Content Level » Graduate

Keywords » BRST Quantization - Conformal Field Theory - String Compactification Schemes -String Theory Textbook - String-duality and M-Theory - Superstrings

# The Physics of the Manhattan Project

Reed, B. Cameron

2nd ed. 2011, XIII, 170p. 45 illus..

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I’m very interested in the history of physics in 20th century and the Manhattan Project is in my opinion a very important chapter in it. I have read the book from Richard Rhodes “The Making of the Atomic Bomb” and also the book “Kettenreaktion” from Hubert Mania, which discusses the subject too. These books are written for a general audience. I did not found a book which covers the physics behind the Manhattan Project in a serious way which is accessible to a non specialist in nuclear physics before “The Physics of the Manhattan Project” by Bruce Cameron Reed appeared. It is not an easy reading and I had to brush up my knowledge in calculus and classical physics but having done that I was able to follow the book and solve the problems which accompany most of the chapters.
It is shown how concepts from classical physics and the very basic ideas of quantum theory can be used to get fairly good quantitative approximations for the calculation of the required quantities (efficiency, critical mass etc.). Detailed derivations of the formulas are given in an appendix so that they can be skipped by those who are not interested in the mathematical details.
The book has also an accompanying web site where the reader can find excel spreadsheets which can be used for numerical calculations and simulations. These are very helpful to grasp a feeling for the values of the important quantities for example the released energy of a nuclear detonation as a function of time or the pressure during the detonation as function of time. The book is also an excellent companion to Robert Serbers book “The Los Alamos Primer…”.
I can recommend “The Physics of the Manhattan Project” to everyone who wants to get a better understanding of nuclear weapons and reactors than one can get from books which treat the subject on a popular level. Even though the book is dedicated to the Manhattan Project of world war II the subject of the book is highly newsworthy if we look at the events of Fukushima and the debate of the Iranian nuclear program. I really enjoyed reading this book and therefore I give it 5 stars!

• Gathers together all relevant and quite diverse physics of the atom-bomb project in a single volume
• Retells the challenges of the Manhattan project, with the skill of a dedicated teacher of physics
• Appendices provide numerous useful data-tables and special tools of calculation
• A unique blend of history and physics
The development of nuclear weapons during the Manhattan Project is one of the most significant scientific events of the twentieth century. This book, prepared by a gifted teacher of physics, explores the challenges that faced the members of the Manhattan project. In doing so it gives a clear introduction to fission weapons at the level of an upper-level undergraduate physics student. Details of nuclear reactions, their energy release, the fission process, how critical masses can be estimated, how fissile materials are produced, and what factors complicate bomb design are covered. An extensive list of references and a number of problems for self-study are included. Links are given to several spreadsheets with which users can run many of the calculations for themselves.

Content Level » Lower undergraduate

Keywords » Calculate Critical Mass Bomb - History of the Atomic Bomb - Manhattan Project -Manhattan Project Calculations - Nuclear Fission - Nuclear Research in the Forties - Nuclear Weapons - Oppenheimer Physics - Wartime Physics at Los Alamos

# English for Academic Correspondence and Socializing

2011, XXI, 326p. 2 illus..

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What I like most about this book is the section on how to socialize at conferences. This is something I have always found difficult. I tested out the author’s suggestions at a recent conference and I was very happy with the results!

If you, like me, have ever had problems understanding Americans and Brits when they speak fast, or not known what to say at a social event, or if you find it difficult to reply to referee’s reports or send emails to editors, then I recommend buying this book!

I am not a researcher myself, but I do have to give presentations as I work for a company that has many international customers. I found it really useful because it helped me reduce my worries about the English language by showing me that I should:

* write out what I wanted to say
* use very short sentences which are easy to say (and also easy for the audience to understand)
* focus on pronouncing key words correctly (the book suggests using the Adobe ‘read aloud’ function to help with pronunciation)
* write a minimal amount of text
* and much other useful advice.

The book also contains a section on ‘useful phrases’ i.e. the standard phrases to use in a presentation. For the first time I felt confident about my presentation, and also my boss was really satisfied. I would really recommend this book to anyone who has to make a presentation in English.

I found the book really useful.
It’s really inspiring. It explains how do make convincing presentations that get the audience attention.
It’s not only that. People go to presentations, and conferences in general, not just to be informed about hot topics in their research area. I believe that a crucial factor is also to meet key people in the hope of setting up a collaboration. I am an economist and in this book I found a wealth of information telling me how to write and deliver the kind of presentation that will motivate members of the audience to come and up and speak to me at the end of the presentation and/or during social events. The only comment I would make is that it would have been nice to have had more input on how to use Powerpoint, but given that this book is primarily on the English language part of presentations, then I suppose that would have been beyond the scope of the book.

Before reading this book I was extremely nervous about giving presentations, but this book has helped me overcome all my problems and I am now much more confident (though not perfect yet!). I think the most important thing I learned as that I tend to make the same ‘mistakes’ in presentations independently of whether I am giving the presentation in English or Italian (my mother tongue) – in fact, provided that you practice enough, the English language is not really the main problem. More important is good clear slides and a lot of preparation. My only reason for not giving this book five stars is that if would have been useful to have an accompanying DVD.

In my humble opinion, this is a very useful tool for improving how your research papers are written.
In the past, when I was a young Ph.D. student, I thought that most of the efforts of a scientist had to be devoted to the research itself, and only a minor part of the work time to the presentation of the results.
With time, I learned that a fluent (and correct) writing is a prerequisite for a good review of a paper.
This book helped me a lot in improving my acceptance rate, making my papers judged mostly by their scientific contents.
The book can be read from start to end and then can be used as a reference. I really appreciate that the book contains excerpts of published and unpublished papers, with the indications of mistakes and useful suggestions for improving the sentences.
The book contains a lot of tips in how to please the referees of the papers. In particular, I found very useful the chapter on hedging. In fact, I was used to be a bit too sharp in criticizing other approaches and I had the bad habit of boasting my own contributions. This chapter helped me to soften my sentences and to be less direct.
In conclusion, I will definitely recommend this book, especially to Ph.D. students.

The book is aimed mainly to people who are not English mother tongue (but I believe it would also be useful native speakers). The advice given in the book applies to most disciplines, not just sciences.

The first part of the book is about writing techniques in general while the second part focuses in the structure of a scientific paper.
Especially useful in the second part are the paragraphs about what the Referees complains or the common mistakes based on the author’s experience as a revisor of research papers. As I’m first time author I found the indications of which sections are important for inexperienced writers very useful.

• Enables the speaker to think from the point-of-view of fellow interlocutors
• The book teaches how to write concisely with no redundancy and no ambiguity
• Helps the non-native speaker to understand native English speakers better

English for Academic Correspondence and Socializing is the first ever book of its kind specifically written for researchers of all disciplines whose first language is not English. With easy-to-follow rules and tips, and with authentic examples taken from real emails, referee’s reports and cover letters, you will learn how to:

• use strategies for understanding native speakers of English

• significantly improve your listening skills

• organize one-to-one meetings

• feel confident at social events

• manage and participate in a successful conversation

• write effective emails

• review other people’s manuscripts – formally and informally

• reply effectively and constructively to referees’ reports

• write cover letters to editors

• use the telephone and Skype

• participate in (video) conference calls

• exploit standard English phrases

Other books in the series:

English for Presentations at International Conferences

English for Writing Research Papers

English for Research: Usage, Style, and Grammar

English for Academic Research: Grammar Exercises

English for Academic Research: Vocabulary Exercises

English for Academic Research: Writing Exercises

Content Level » Popular/general

Keywords » Academic correspondence - non-native English speakers - socializing

Related subjects » Education & Language

# English for Research: Usage, Style, and Grammar

2012, XVI, 252 p.

Available Formats:

eBook
Information
20,22 €
Softcover
Information
26,32 €

(gross) price for France

ISBN 978-1-4614-1592-3

• Includes hundreds of real-life examples
• Ideal study-guide for universities and research institutes
• Great tool for improving English language skills

This guide is based on a study of referees’ reports and letters from journal editors on the reasons why papers written by non-native researchers are rejected due to problems with English usage, style and grammar. It draws on English-related errors from around 5000 papers written by non-native authors, 500 abstracts by PhD students, and over 1000 hours of teaching researchers how to write and present research papers.

English for Research: Usage, Style, and Grammar covers those areas of English usage that typically cause researchers difficulty: articles (a/an, the), uncountable nouns, tenses (e.g., simple present, simple past, present perfect), modal verbs, active vs. passive form, relative clauses, infinitive vs. -ing form, the genitive, noun strings, link words (e.g., moreover, in addition), quantifiers (e.g., each vs. every), word order, prepositions, acronyms, abbreviations, numbers and measurements, punctuation, and spelling. Due to its focus on the specific errors that repeatedly appear in papers written by non-native authors, this manual is an ideal study guide for use in universities and research institutes.

The book is cross-referenced with the following titles:

• English for Academic Research: Grammar Exercises

• English for Academic Research: Vocabulary Exercises

• English for Academic Research: Writing Exercises

• English for Writing Research Papers

Adrian Wallwork is the author of more than 30 English Language Teaching (ELT) and English for Academic Purposes (EAP) textbooks. He has trained several thousand PhD students and researchers from 40 countries to prepare and give presentations. Since 1984 he has been revising research manuscripts through his own proofreading and editing service.

Content Level » Popular/general

Keywords » English Grammar - English Language Learners - Grammar - Syntax

Related subjects » Education & Language - Linguistics - Professional & Vocational Education

# English for Presentations at International Conferences

2010, XVI, 180p.

Available Formats:

eBook
Information
20,22 €
Softcover
Information
26,32 €

(gross) price for France

ISBN 978-1-4419-6590-5

free shipping for individuals worldwide

usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days

• Designed to help non-native English speakers to prepare and deliver effective presentations at international conferences
• Written in English that readers will be able to understand easilyFirst book written on presentations specifically from the perspective of non-native English speakers

Good presentation skills are key to a successful career in academia. This book is the first guide to giving presentations at international conferences specifically written for researchers of all disciplines whose first language is not English.

With easy-to-follow rules and tips, and with examples taken from real presentations, you will learn how to:

• avoid errors in English by using short easy-to-say sentences
• improve your English pronunciation and intonation
• gain confidence, and overcome nerves and embarrassment
• plan, prepare and practice a well-organized, interesting presentation
• highlight the essential points you want your audience to remember
• deal with questions from the audience
• decide what to say at each stage of the presentation
• use standard phrases
• attract and retain audience attention

Other books in the series:

English for Writing Research Papers

English for Academic Correspondence and Socializing

English for Research: Usage, Style, and Grammar

English for Academic Research: Grammar / Vocabulary / Writing

Adrian Wallwork is the author of more than 20 ELT and EAP textbooks. He has trained several thousand PhD students and academics from 35 countries to prepare and give presentations. Since 1984 he has been revising research papers, and in 2009 he set up englishforacademics.com – a proofreading and editing service specifically for researchers.

Content Level » Popular/general

Related subjects » Education & Language - Medicine

# English for Writing Research Papers

2011, XXII, 325p.

Available Formats:

eBook
Information
20,22 €
Softcover
Information
26,32 €

(gross) price for France

ISBN 978-1-4419-7921-6

free shipping for individuals worldwide

usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days

• At least two-thirds of published scientific papers are written by researchers whose first language is not English
• 20% of the comments referees make when reviewing papers for possible publication in international journals regard English language issues
• In some disciplines, acceptance rate by journals of papers originating from the US/UK is 30.4%, and is higher than all other countries

Publishing your research in an international journal is key to your success in academia. This guide is based on a study of referees’ reports and letters from journal editors on reasons why papers written by non-native researchers are rejected due to problems with English usage. It draws on English-related errors from around 5000 papers written by non-native authors, 500 abstracts by PhD students, and over 1000 hours of teaching researchers how to write and present research papers.

With easy-to-follow rules and tips, and with examples taken from published and unpublished papers, you will learn how to:

• prepare and structure a manuscript
• increase readability and reduce the number of mistakes you make in English by writing concisely, with no redundancy and no ambiguity
• plan and organize your paper, and structure each paragraph and each sentence so that the reader can easily follow the logical build-up towards various conclusions
• write a title and an abstract that will attract attention and be read
• decide what to include in the various parts of the paper (Introduction, Methodology, Discussion etc)
• select from over 700 useful phrases
• highlight your claims and contribution
• avoid plagiarism and make it 100% clear whether you are referring to your own work or someone else’s
• choose the correct tenses and style (active or passive)

Other books in the series:

English for Presentations at International Conferences

English for Academic Correspondence and Socializing

English for Research: Usage, Style, and Grammar

English for Academic Research: Grammar / Vocabulary / Writing Exercises

Adrian Wallwork is the author of more than 20 ELT and EAP textbooks. He has trained several thousand PhD students and academics from 35 countries to prepare and give presentations. Since 1984 he has been revising research papers, and in 2009 he set up englishforacademics.com – a proofreading and editing service specifically for researchers.

Content Level » Professional/practitioner

Keywords » English language - Writing in English

Related subjects » Education & Language